Theories that explain the formation of self concept

Dirty increased whilst those with Mr. Cultural identity is similar to and has overlaps with, but is not synonymous with, identity politics. For example, the child smiles and someone smiles back, or the child touches a mobile and sees it move. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

In the United Kingdom, a study about changing identities revealed that some people believe that partaking in online social media is the first time they have felt like themselves, and they have achieved their true identities.

Identity formation

These perceived self-concepts tend to reflect the typical gender stereotypes that are featured prominently in most cultures. We define appropriate behavior by reference to the norms of groups we belong to, but you can only do this if you can tell who belongs to your group.

Disability identity[ edit ] Disability identity refers to the particular disabilities with which an individual identifies. Previous article in issue. Women tend to have higher perceived abilities in their language related skills.

Man does not come to form opinions about him unless and until he comes into contact with other people and knows their opinions about himself.

It can reflect upon itself or in other words, it can be self-conscious. Thus, we discover ourselves through the reactions of others about us.


Mead has given a sociological analysis of the process of socialization. We categorize people in the same way.

In other words, the person conforms to an identity without exploration as to what really suits them best. He forms to the concept of himself on the basis of opinions held by others about him.

With developing a sense of self on a psychological level, feeling as part of a greater body such as social, emotional, political bodies can effect how one feels about themselves. This is not to say those in an independent culture do not identify and support their society or culture, there is simply a different type of relationship.

Many factors play a role in females adjusting their self-concept to accommodate more positive views of math and science such as; gender stereotypes, family influence and personal enjoyment of the subject.

Various cultural studies and social theory investigate the question of cultural and ethnic identities.Self-control is an important concept in the recent criminological theory with consistent empirical support as a predictor of criminality. Although the empirical studies consistently supported the self-control–criminality relation as proposed by the general theory of crime (GTC), there is a developing body of literature concerning the formation of self-control.

Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.

The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their self Author: Saul Mcleod.

Critically compare and contrast two theories that have been used to explain the formation of the self concept.

Use relevant research to illustrate your answer. The different categories of self that influences individuals on a personal level found in the self-discrepancy theory is in contrast to the group perception if self (Strauman, ) represented in the alternative theory of self concept, self-categorisation developed by Turner (, as cited in Hogg & Vaughan, ) describing the formation of.

Sociological theories of the self attempt to explain how social processes such as socialization influence the development of the self. Learning Objectives Interpret Mead’s theory of self in term of the differences between “I” and “me”.

Key Terms: entity theory, incremental theory Self-Theories (Dweck) Carol Dweck (currently at Indiana University) describes a series of empirically-based studies that investigate how people develop beliefs about themselves (i.e., self-theories) and how these self-theories create their psychological worlds, shaping thoughts, feelings and .

Theories that explain the formation of self concept
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