In June Alexander fought his last great battle on the left bank of the Hydaspes. He had grown up to the idea. Alexander tells Hephaistion that he is the only person that can understand him and his desire for conquests and he begs his friend to stay with him a little longer. At Memphis Alexander sacrificed to Apisthe Greek term for Hapi, the sacred Egyptian bull, and was crowned with the traditional double crown of the pharaohs ; the native priests were placated and their religion encouraged.
When Philip heard of this, he stopped the negotiations and scolded Alexander for wishing to marry the daughter of a Carian, explaining that he wanted a better bride for him. At length, at the Amanis, he was rejoined by Nearchus and the fleet, which also had suffered losses.
The people welcomed him as their deliverer, and the Persian satrap Mazaces wisely surrendered. Philip waged war against Byzantionleaving Alexander in charge as regent and heir apparent. In autumn Hephaestion died in Ecbatanaand Alexander indulged in extravagant mourning for his closest friend; he was given a royal funeral in Babylon with a pyre costing 10, talents.
An emotional scene of reconciliation was followed by a vast banquet with 9, guests to celebrate the ending of the misunderstanding and the partnership in government of Macedonians and Persians—but An analysis of the title alexander the great, as has been argued, the incorporation of all the subject peoples as partners in the commonwealth.
In CariaHalicarnassus resisted and was stormed, but Adathe widow and sister of the satrap Idrieus, adopted Alexander as her son and, after expelling her brother Pixodarus, Alexander restored her to her satrapy. On the Hyphasis he erected 12 altars to the 12 Olympian gods, and on the Hydaspes he built a fleet of to 1, ships.
My favorite scene was the one where Alexander mourned his friend, Hephaistion. Alexander leads his army further and further away from home and his generals are getting restless.
Leaving Porus, he then proceeded down the river and into the Indus, with half his forces on shipboard and half marching in three columns down the two banks.
Concerned that other Greek states might intervene, Alexander made it look as though he was preparing to attack Illyria instead. Half the army with the baggage under Hephaestion and Perdiccasboth cavalry commanders, was sent through the Khyber Passwhile he himself led the rest, together with his siege train, through the hills to the north.
Between and over a third of his satraps were superseded and six were put to death, including the Persian satraps of PersisSusiana, Carmania, and Paraetacene; three generals in Mediaincluding Cleanderthe brother of Coenus who had died a little earlierwere accused of extortion and summoned to Carmania, where they were arrested, tried, and executed.
His plans for racial fusion, on the other hand, were a failure. I was sorry that he had to die so young. At Gordium in Phrygiatradition records his cutting of the Gordian knotwhich could only be loosed by the man who was to rule Asia; but this story may be apocryphal or at least distorted.
Alexander now planned to recall Antipater and supersede him by Craterusbut he was to die before this could be done. The tyrants were expelled and in contrast to Macedonian policy in Greece democracies were installed.
Leaving Parmenio in Syria, Alexander advanced south without opposition until he reached Gaza on its high mound; there bitter resistance halted him for two months, and he sustained a serious shoulder wound during a sortie. Moreover, he needed the wealth of Persia if he was to maintain the army built by Philip and pay off the talents he owed.
From Maracanda modern Samarkand Alexander advanced by way of Cyropolis to the Jaxartes modern Syrdaryathe boundary of the Persian empire.
Instead of taking the direct route down the river to Babylonhe made across northern Mesopotamia toward the Tigrisand Darius, learning of this move from an advance force sent under Mazaeus to the Euphrates crossing, marched up the Tigris to oppose him. Had he lived, he would no doubt have completed the conquest of Asia Minor, where PaphlagoniaCappadociaand Armenia still maintained an effective independence.
His strategy was skillful and imaginative, and he knew how to exploit the chances that arise in every battle and may be decisive for victory or defeat; he also drew the last advantage from victory by relentless pursuit.
His use of cavalry was so effective that he rarely had to fall back upon his infantry to deliver the crushing blow. Left to fight alone, they were defeated.Character Analysis of Alexander the Great Words Jul 30th, 9 Pages History has asked us to study and interpret past events and from that research we should learn from the mistakes of man or use the knowledge to improve our current lives.
Alexander the Great: Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia (– BCE) took the title of king. Evaluation. Of Alexander’s plans little reliable information survives. The far-reaching schemes for the conquest of the western Mediterranean and the setting up. Why is Alexander called "Great"?
Have people over exaggerated him? Update Cancel. Putting aside the obvious and valid reasons for the Great title, #10 Alexander the Great is regarded as one of the most influential people in history.
At the time of his death.
Introduction And Background To Alexander The Great History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The brief introduction of Alexander the Great and his achievements followed by the analysis of the leadership traits of Alexander the Great, the analysis of the leadership behavior of Alexander the Great, and the assumption.
A short summary of 's Alexander the Great. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great; Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, placing himself and all his forces at his disposal.
Alexander not only returned Ambhi his title and the gifts but he also presented him with a wardrobe of "Persian robes, gold and silver ornaments, 30 horses and 1, talents in gold".
Another recent analysis Father: Philip II of Macedon.Download